HOME | AUCTIONS | STORE | ARTICLES | BIODIESEL | ALTERNATIVE FUEL



Articles from E85.whipnet.net
What is Ethanol anyway?

Ethanol is Renewable

.

Also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol made from corn, Ethanol is a flammable and colorless chemical compound, which can also be used as a biodegradable fuel additive. The renewable alternative fuel is an alcohol fuel mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline, by volume; Ethanol derived from crops (bioethanol) is a biofuel. E85 is an alternative fuel blend made up of 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline, hence the name "E85". More

.

.



A History of Ethanol

Ethanol History

.

Ethanol has been used by humans since prehistory as the intoxicating ingredient in alcoholic beverages. Ethanol was first prepared synthetically in 1826, through the independent efforts of Henry Hennel in Britain and S.G. Sérullas in France. Michael Faraday prepared ethanol by the acid-catalysed hydration of ethylene in 1828, in a process similar to that used for industrial ethanol synthesis today. More

.

.

.

.



Where can I buy E85?

Alternative Methods for making Ethanol

.

The ethanol production and distribution infrastructure across the nation continues to expand. As of early 2003, E85 was sold at approximately 154 stations in 22 states. The Station Locator displays public and private fueling stations. Some stations in our database have addresses that couldn't be located by the mapping application; this may result in a station appearing in the wrong map location. We recommend that you call any station you plan to visit to verify its location, hours of operation, and type of access. More

.

.

.



What cars can run on E85, and is mine one of them?

Alternative Methods for making Ethanol

.

A flexible fueled vehicle (FFV) has a single fuel tank, fuel system, and engine. The vehicle is designed to run on unleaded gasoline and an alcohol fuel (usually ethanol) in any mixture. The engine and fuel system in a flex-fuel vehicle must be adapted slightly to run on alcohol fuels because they are corrosive.
2007 Flex Fuel Cars More

.

.

.



What you can do to improve your Gas Mileage

How to get better mileage

.

"Easy does it." Flipping on the air conditioning full blast as soon as you hop into a hot car is a big waste of gas and money. Keep in mind, though, that at highway speeds, modern cars are more fuel efficient with the air conditioning on than with the air off and windows down. Read more and find out what else you can do to get better mileage. More

.

.



To Flex or Not To Flex
Are the Supposed Benefits of Ethanol Myth or Reality? The demand for Ethanol is on the rise as the cost of gasoline increases. But what are the underlying factors when it comes to deciding if Ethanol / E85 is really beneficial for you, or even our economy? The production of Ethanol comes with a cost, even if it is imported from other countries.

Wal-Mart Considers Selling E85

E85 Fuel Stations

.

Wal-Mart is reportedly considering selling E85 fuel at it's 3000+ locations nationwide. This would include Sams'Club Discount stores and the Murphy Oil locations in Wal-Mart parking lots. The effect of this would likely create mainstream availability and, make Wal-Mart the largest retailer of the flex fuel. More

.

.



Will E85 ever be a Viable Alternative to Gasoline?

E85 Instead of Gasoline

.

Ethanol has been around in one form or another for hundreds of years; in earlier times it was a libation enjoyed by many, today it is also touted as an alternative fuel. There are many postive reasons for using alternative, renewable energy sources and Ethanol is only one possibility. Using domestic resources should be a top 3 criteria, but is corn a cost effective source? More

.

.

.



Top Ten Ethanol Myths

Ethanol Mythology

.

Many of us have questions when it comes to using ethanol fuels in our cars and people like to talk about what they think they know. Sometimes, these discussions become polluted with conjecture and misinformation. Here is a list of 10 poplular myths and misconceptions regarding Ethanol / E85 fuel. More

.

.

.



Brazillian Flex Fuel Car - OBIVIO

Brazil FFV

.

California automobile distributor ZAP, has agreed to be the exclusive North American distributor and has pre-purchased 50,000 cars from Brazilian automotive maker OBVIO! The first models scheduled to go into production are the flex-fueled 828 and 012 in 2007, soon to be followed by the 828E and 012E equipped with electric drive systems. More

.

.



The Nation's First Biodiesel Generator on the Grid

Fuel from Yellow Grease

.

The city of Oak Ridge North, Texas is emerging as an alternative fuels pioneer. The two-square-mile city, along with Safe-Fuels, Texoga Technologies, and HARC (Houston Advanced Research Center's Southwest Biofuels Initiative) is preparing to launch the first biodiesel-fueled electric generator in the nation. The planned launch date for the 5 Megawatt Generator is scheduled in the December 2006 / January 2007 time frame and will be powered by biodiesel locally produced by Safe-Fuels. The station-wagon sized generators are expected to produce enough power to supply 1,500 homes on constant basis. Before the generators can be placed online, they will have to be tested for emissions and other inspection processes. More

.

.

.



OPEC wants to keep the Co$t Per Barrel High

Cost per Barrel

.

After having enjoyed a recent, extreme high in the cost per barrel (CPB) of oil, OPEC is attempting to keep the price high despite recent decreases due to current, high reserves. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is an international organization made up of Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Since 1965 its international headquarters have been in Vienna, Austria, and is considered to be a cartel by some observers. More

.

.



Get your Tax Credit for FFV

FFV Tax Credit

.

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 replaced the clean-fuel burning deduction with a tax credit. A tax credit is subtracted directly from the total amount of federal tax owed, thus reducing or even eliminating the taxpayer's tax obligation. The tax credit for hybrid vehicles applies to vehicles purchased or placed in service on or after January 1, 2006. More

.

.



First Biodiesel Generator in North America*

Oak Ridge North, Texas The city of Oak Ridge North, Texas is emerging as an alternative fuels pioneer. The two-square-mile city, along with Saferenewables, Texoga Technologies, and HARC (Houston Advanced Research Center's Southwest Biofuels Initiative) is preparing to launch the first biodiesel-fueled electric generator in the nation. The planned launch date for the 5 Megawatt Generator is scheduled in the December 2006 / January 2007 time frame and will be powered by biodiesel locally produced by Safe-Fuels. The station-wagon sized generators are expected to produce enough power to supply 1,500 homes on constant basis. Before the generators can be placed online, they will have to be tested for emissions and other inspection processes. More

.

.

.



Kroger Selling E85 in Houston and Dallas areas

Kroger E85 Fuel Stations

.

E85 is becoming available at various Kroger fuel stations in the Dallas and Houston areas. Some Kroger stores in the Houston area are now able to offer Texas motorists the benefits of ethanol fuel, thanks to the installation of Dresser Wayne's Vista™ 387 E85 fuel dispensers in the summer and fall of 2006. Kroger believes that drivers are becoming interested in alternative fuel options, and this trend will continue to grow as access to alternative fuel becomes more convenient and gasoline becomes more expensive. The Vista 387 E85 dispenser, built by 'Dresser Wayne' is the ethanol pump chosen by Kroger, making it possible to safely provide ethanol to the traveling public. Kroger operates more than 500 supermarket fueling stations nationwide, including more than 60 in Texas, all of which are located next to Kroger retail grocery stores. More

.

.



HEB Stores Selling E85 in the Texas Hill Country

HEB E85 Fuel Stations

.

E85 is becoming available at various HEB fuel stations in the Austin and San Antonio, Texas areas. Some HEB stores in the Texas Hill Country are now able to offer Texas motorists the benefits of ethanol fuel, starting in the summer and fall of 2006. In order to offer E-85 to as many Texas drivers as possible, there are five sites are strategically located along IH-35, the nation's main artery that runs from Mexico to Canada. H-E-B also selected the sites based on their proximity to major fleet operations including the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) and the U.S Army's Fort Hood. More

.

.



Converting Chicken Fat into BioDiesel

Biodiesel from Animal Fat

.

.

Biodiesel is most often made from products like soybeans, cottonseed, and yellow grease but, few people know that it can be made from animal fat as well. Two men in Missouri are attempting to tap into this not so well known biodiesel fuel stock and that could mean lower prices for Biodiesel in the near future. Tyson Poultry Products in Dexter, Mo. produces some 300 million gallons of chicken fat every year and that means a reliable and less expensive supply of fuel stock for creating biodiesel. More

.

.

.



Biodiesel Fuel Stations in Texas

Biodiesel locations

.

Biodiesel is most often made from products like soybeans, cottonseed, and yellow grease but, few people know that it can be made from animal fat as well. Two men in Missouri are attempting to tap into this not so well known biodiesel fuel stock and that could mean lower prices for Biodiesel in the near future. Tyson Poultry Products in Dexter, Mo. produces some 300 million gallons of chicken fat every year and that means a reliable and less expensive supply of fuel stock for creating biodiesel. More

.

.

.



Ethanol drives up the price of Tortillas in Mexico

Rising Tortilla Prices

.

It is something that should not be a surprise to anyone, and likely expected by everyone. As part of the effort to reduce the dependence on foreign oil, alternate resources will have to be found, developed and utilized. Doing so might create a large demand for that resource which in turn, can create a hardship for those who depend on that resource for it's original known use. One such resource is corn, the same corn consumed by all of us as food, to produce ethanol. The price of a bushel of corn has already risen from $1.86 to nearly $4, and that could rise even higher. The seemingly ever increasing demand for corn based ethanol is driving up the price of corn as well as suitable farmland. The dietary Mexican staple Tortilla is also being affected and Mexican lawmakers are concerned. More

.

.

.



Sugar Cane Ethanol Plant planned in Peru

Products from Sugar Cane

.

In January of 2007, the energy firm Maple Cos. closed the deal to buy 25,000 acres of unused land near Piura at cost of $100 million. The Dallas Company has also announced plans to invest $120 million into the ethanol plant. Included in the investment is a sugar-cane field to provide raw material, a processing facility to make the alternative fuel, and an underground pipeline to the Pacific Ocean. Tankers would then deliver the sugar cane-based fuel to customers in the United States. More

.

.

.



BioDiesel Generator Connected to ERCOT Grid

Biodiesel Generator online

.

The biodiesel powered generator facility is now, currently producing and selling electricity into the ERCOT (Electric Reliability Council of Texas) Power Grid from its biodiesel powered generator in Oak Ridge North, Texas. According to BPC, The Oak Ridge North facility is the first power plant in the country to run entirely on biodiesel, a renewable *carbon neutral fuel produced from vegetable oil and animal fat. In agriculture, a plant is considered to be carbon neutral if the carbon dioxide (CO2) that it absorbs while alive is the same as the CO2 it emits when burned as a fuel. More

.

.

.



BioDiesel Sales may be Subject to TCEQ Ban

Texas Biodiesel Sales Ban

.

In March 2007, a biodiesel fuel additive (ORYXE LED) to reduce NOx emissions produced by Oryxe International was (tentatively) approved by the TCEQ. Final approval remains dependent on actual emissions performance in diesel engines using B20. B20 is a blend of 80% petroleum diesel with 20% biodiesel. According to ORYXE CEO James Cleary, the additive includes both hydrocarbon compounds and renewable-based materials, is already being used in petroleum diesel sold in Texas but, at a lower mixture ratio than what would be required for biodiesel blends. More

.

.

.



Alternative methods for making Ethanol

Alternative Methods for making Ethanol

.

Producing ethanol from cellulose promises to greatly increase the volume of ethanol fuel that can be produced in the U.S. and abroad. A recent report found that U.S. land resources are capable of producing a sustainable supply of 1.3 billion tons of biomass per year, and that 1 billion tons of biomass would be sufficient to displace 30 percent or more of the country's present petroleum consumption. More

.

.

.



Exxon Year end Profits 2006

Exxon profits Wal-Mart has good reason to get into the transportation fuel business. Selling ethanol would be a new profit center for Wal-Mart, and since the retailing business is wide-open, they would immediately become the widest outlet. Following along with the 'always the lowest price' slogan, E85 outlets would also a way for the company to help its customers save money on fuel. The theory is that the less money they pour into the tank, the more they have to spend at Wal-Mart, and since they drove to Wal-Mart to get the fuel, a quick stop into the store is almost guaranteed. More

.



Tips to Get Better Mileage

maintain your car If you're not sure what grade of fuel works best for your car, open up your owner's manual and take a look. As long as your engine doesn't knock or ping when you fuel up with regular unleaded, you're good to drive on this much cheaper gas. Passing on pricey premium gasoline could save you hundreds of dollars a year. Don't top off. Don't bother topping off when filling your car's gas tank. Any additional gas is just going to slop around or seep out. Why waste your money paying for gas your car won't use? Stop pumping at the first indication that your tank is full when the automatic nozzle clicks off. More

.



Methanol Fuel - It's not just for RC Engines

methanol fuel Methanol has an octane rating of 106, compared to typical gasolines of 85 to 92. Methanol helps to eliminate knocking or "pinging" commonly associated with unleaded fuels, and also alleviates "running on" or "dieseling" when the ignition is switched off. Up to 15 percent methanol can be added to gasoline in current cars, without adjustment of the engine, and with noticeable improvement in exhaust quality, economy and performance. More

.



Compressed Natural Gas [CNG]

compressed natural gas

.

Compressed Natural gas (CNG) can also be used to fuel internal-combustion engines, and is the most practical strategy. Natural gas, often found with petroleum is typically found in underground deposits. To use natural gas, the methane component, which makes up 50 to 100 percent of natural gas has to be processed in order to remove contaminants as well as other useful fuels such as butane and propane. More

.

.

.

.



A Bushel of Corn

Growing corn for ethanol

.

Growing corn is an intensive process that requires pesticides, fertilizer, heavy equipment and transport. When considering the viability of ethanol, the total impact of all that activity needs to be taken into account. Cynics claim that it takes more energy to grow corn and distill it into alcohol than you can get out of the alcohol. However, according to the DOE, the growing, fermenting and distillation chain actually results in a surplus of energy that ranges from 34 to 66 percent. Moreover, the carbon dioxide (CO2) that an engine produces started out as atmospheric CO2 that the cornstalk captured during growth; this contributes to making ethanol greenhouse gas neutral. Recent DOE studies note that using ethanol in blends substantially lowers carbon monoxide (CO) and CO2 emissions. In 2005, burning such blends had the same effect on greenhouse gas emissions as removing 1 million petroleum fuel burning cars from American roads. More

.

.

.

.



Ethanol is Toxic

Ethanol Toxicology

.

The amount of ethanol in the body is typically quantified by blood alcohol content (BAC), the milligrams of ethanol per 100 milliliters of blood. The table shown above summarizes the usual symptoms of ethanol concentration. Small doses of ethanol generally produce euphoria and relaxation; people experiencing these symptoms tend to become talkative and less inhibited, and may exhibit poor judgment. At higher dosages (BAC > 0.10), ethanol acts as a central nervous system depressant, increasing at progressively higher doses, impaired sensory and motor function, slowed cognition, stupefaction, unconsciousness, and possibly death at extremely high levels. More

.

.

.



Cellulosic Biofuel Production

Producing ethanol feedstockThe arguments in favor of cellulosic ethanol as a replacement for gasoline in cars and trucks are compelling. Cellulosic ethanol can reduce our dependence on imported oil, increase our energy security, reduce our trade deficit, and rural economies can benefit in the form of increased incomes and jobs. Growing ‘energy crops' and harvesting agricultural residuals are projected to increase the value of farm crops, reducing or possibly eliminating the need for some agricultural subsidies. Cellulosic ethanol also provides positive environmental benefits in the form of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. More

.

.



The cost of Gasoline

gasoline price per gallon

.

The arguments in favor of cellulosic ethanol as a replacement for gasoline in cars and trucks are compelling. Cellulosic ethanol can reduce our dependence on imported oil, increase our energy security, reduce our trade deficit, and rural economies can benefit in the form of increased incomes and jobs. Growing ‘energy crops' and harvesting agricultural residuals are projected to increase the value of farm crops, reducing or possibly eliminating the need for some agricultural subsidies. Cellulosic ethanol also provides positive environmental benefits in the form of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. More

.

.



Ford Recalls FFV

Brazillian FFV hard to start Apparently, Ford didn't much, if any, research prior to building and offering their Flex Fuel Vehicle which was made in Brazil. Granted the weather stays warm in Brazil pretty much year round with occasional exceptions south of Rio and E85 cars work best when the ambient temperature is warm. This partially explains why the Brazilian division of Ford Motor Co. announced a recall of 102,000 multi-fuel cars (flexible fuel vehicles) for inspection of a tiny gasoline repository used to start the vehicles when their main tanks are filled with ethanol during cold weather. More

.

.

.



Meijer Locations Sell E85

Meijer stores offer e85

.

Michigan is one of the nation's leading producers of corn, growing more than 257 million bushels a year yet, according to an unnamed source; only five stations in Michigan sell the alternative fuel. Some FFV owners may not even be aware that their vehicle is capable of running E85. New vehicles which are E85 compatible, are supposed to include a special, yellow gas cap, and a label inside the fuel door stating the ability to utilize E85 fuel. Anyone considering using E85 should be absolutely sure that their vehicle is E85 capable prior to putting E85 in their fuel tank. More

.

.

.



Methane from Landfills

Landfill Ethanol Production

.

Two common uses for Landfill Gases are electricity generation, produced by running engines or steam turbines, and combustion as an alternative fuel. LFG can also be used directly by industry and to heat large buildings and greenhouses. Either method displaces the CO2 that would normally be released if fossil fuels had been burned. Companies and municipalities alike are realizing the great potential for energy within their reach with LFG. More

.

.



Ethanol Subsidy

Subsidation Ethanol

.

.

Two common uses for Landfill Gases are electricity generation, produced by running engines or steam turbines, and combustion as an alternative fuel. LFG can also be used directly by industry and to heat large buildings and greenhouses. Either method displaces the CO2 that would normally be released if fossil fuels had been burned. Companies and municipalities alike are realizing the great potential for energy within their reach with LFG. More

.

.

.

.



Rising gas Prices

Subsidation Ethanol

.

.

In March of 2006, gas prices were rising towards $3.00 a gallon. Most of us are not used to, nor are we ready to pay $3.00 or more a gallon for gas while others areas have been paying that much for a long time. In any case, summer time gas prices are approaching yet again and to celebrate, a gallon of gas rose some 20 cents overnight in the last 30 days. Hopefully, they won't rise to much higher (none would be preferable) this summer. More

.

.

.

.



Ethanol E85 Fuel Pumps

Vists E85 Pump

.

.

E85 is becoming available at varous Kroger fuel stations in the Dallas and Houston areas. Some Kroger stores in the Houston area are now able to offer Texas motorists the benefits of ethanol fuel, thanks to the installation of Dresser Wayne's VistaT 387 E85 fuel dispensers in the summer and fall of 2006. Kroger believes that drivers are becoming interested in alternative fuel options, and this trend will continue to grow as access to alternative fuel becomes more convenient and gasoline becomes more expensive. The Vista 387 E85 dispenser, built by 'Dresser Wayne' is the ethanol pump chosen by Kroger, making it possible to safely provide ethanol to the traveling public. Kroger operates more than 500 supermarket fueling stations nationwide, including more than 60 in Texas, all of which are located next to Kroger retail grocery stores. Kroger is expected to seek additional opportunities to offer E85 fuel both in Texas and throughout the nation. Kroger operates more than 700 convenience-store fueling sites nationwide. Wal-Mart and Sam's Club are also considering selling E85 across the nation. The Dresser Wayne pump will be featured at Kroger Dallas, Kroger houston, and Kroger Austin Locations and soon, Kroger Nationwide. More

.

.

.

.



Chevron Biodiesel Plant - Galveston, Texas

Chevron Biodiesel

.

.

In January 2007, Chevron announced plans to begin selling corn-based ethanol in California, a state where E85 availability is slowly increasing. With this new investment in biodiesel, Chevron is one of the first major U.S. oil companies to move the biofuel from the laboratory into a production facility, a path that biodiesel industry leaders hope its peers will follow. The Galveston biofuel plant is expected to produce several million gallons of biodeiesel from soybean oil. More

.

.

.

.



Indy500 to use Ethanol Race Fuel

Indianapolis 500 Ethanol

.

.

Beginning with 91st annual race, all vehicles in the IndyCar Series will use a race fuel blend containing ethanol 100. The 2006 season featured an ethanol blend of 10%, so this will not be the first time ethanol fuel has powered a car in the famed Indianapolis 500 series race. The 11th Indianapolis 500, held in 1927, featured a car driven by Leon Duray which was fueled by ethyl (grain) alcohol. More

.

.

.

.



Green Earth Fuels Biodiesel Plant in Houston

Houston Ship Channel Green Earth Fuels of Houston, LLC, along with Kinder Morgan Liquids, is building a biodiesel plant in the Ship Channel area of Houston, Texas. More specifically, Galena Park, Texas, a suburb of the Houston Metropolitan area which includes the Houston Ship Channel. The biodiesel plant is scheduled to begin producing vegetable oil based biodiesel fuel in the summer of 2007 with an expected output of nearly 90 million gallons by the end of the year. The Galena Park Terminal is situated on the Houston Ship Channel and offers over 4 million barrels of storage capacity at the epicenter of Houston's petrochemical complex. Accomplishing this feat will propel it into the same arena encompassing the largest biofuel plants in North America. More

.

.



Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles may be the (best) answer

Hydrogen Fuel Cell A Fuel Cell car is no different than an electric car; one that derives its electricity from a hydrogen-oxygen reaction, that is. It does not have to be a hydrogen-oxygen reaction; most any other source of electricity could also work. A big driving force behind using hydrogen is because is such a practical solution for achieving the performance we've come to expect from our cars. Some industry experts see fuel cell cars as a temporary solution and that improved batteries are the answer to electric cars; lightweight, super batteries with super fast recharge times. The research continues on all fronts and if we are lucky, several viable solutions will be found and we can individually choose which option to purchase.More

.

.



Texas Senate to Vote on Gas Tax repeal

Gasoline Tax

.

.

.

.

May, 2007 - The Texas House of Representatives passed Amendment (Senate Bill 1886) submitted by Rep. Trey Martinez Fischer, D-San Antonio to temporarily remove the Texas Gasoline Tax for the summer of 2007. The bill provides for a 3 month stoppage on the 20 cents per gallon fuel tax. The Texas Senate is expected to vote on the measure but, as usual, it is unlikely that it will be passed into law.More

.

.



Propane (LPG) - What is it?

LPG Propane Danger

.

.

.

.

May, 2007 - The Texas House of Representatives passed Amendment (Senate Bill 1886) submitted by Rep. Trey Martinez Fischer, D-San Antonio to temporarily remove the Texas Gasoline Tax for the summer of 2007. The bill provides for a 3 month stoppage on the 20 cents per gallon fuel tax. The Texas Senate is expected to vote on the measure but, as usual, it is unlikely that it will be passed into law.Frequently asked questions about Propane (LPG)
Converting your car to Propane Fuel
More

.

.



Ethanol Plantation Raided in Brazil

Sugar Cane Cutters

.

.

.

.

June, 2007 - A Brazillian Police group known as the Mobile Verification Task Force has conducted various raids on sugar cane plantations in the Amazon. The raids have uncovered thousands of workers who were essentially forced to work under horrendus conditions and reportedly low pay.
Amazon Ethanol Plantations
More

.

.



Biofuel Expansion in Europe and Brazil

Sugar Cane Cutters

.

.

.

.

July, 2007 - Europe and the United States are taking notice from Brazil as a leader when it comes to sugar cane based ethanol. Increased usage of less-polluting fuels made from energy crops such as sugarcane or oilseed can lessen the reliance on imported oil while reducing greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change.
Biofuels in Europe
More

.

.



 

Web Presence by Thunder Ridge, Inc. | | Disclosure